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The Health Benefits of Chikoo or Sapodilla Fruit

About the Chikoo Tree

There are several names for the fruit of the chikoo tree.

  • Latin name: Manilkara zapota

  • English: Sapodilla, noseberry, and mudapples

  • Spanish: Zapote and nispero

  • Hindi: Chikoo and sapota

The chikoo tree is native to Southern Mexico, Central America, and the islands of the Caribbean. It is a moderately tall tree, growing to between 30 and 50 feet in height with widely branching branches and stems. These trees need a tropical climate to grow and cannot survive freezing temperatures. They take from 5 to 8 years to mature and yield fruit twice a year.

Chikoo is widely cultivated in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Vietnam, the Maldives, and Indonesia, but they are also fairly common in Florida.

Chikoo Nutrient Highlights

  • Chikoo is a good source of dietary fiber.

  • Chikoo contains a number of minerals, including iron, magnesium, calcium, phosphorus, copper, and potassium.

  • It contains vitamins A and C, thiamine, pantothenic acid, and folate.

  • Chikoo is high in calories, with about 83 calories per 100 grams.

Health Benefits of Chikoo Fruit

  • The dietary fiber aids with constipation.

  • It was found to induce cancer cell death and inhibit tumor growth in mice with cancer, as well as increasing their life span by 50%.

  • The fruit has tannins, which studies have found may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties; however, more research is needed to better understand their benefits.

  • Vitamins C and A help to keep the mucous membranes and skin healthy. Vitamin C also boosts immunity, can help to prevent infections, and scavenges free radicals.

  • The magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus help keep bones strong, while the magnesium benefits the heart and blood vessels.

  • Potassium helps to regulate blood pressure and promotes healthy circulation.

  • Folate and iron help to prevent anemia caused by folate or iron deficiency.

  • In folk medicine, the ground seeds are applied as a paste to alleviate stings and bites.

  • Tea made of young fruits and flowers is used to treat dysentery, diarrhea, and pulmonary diseases in Ayurvedic medicine, while the leaves are used to treat cough, colds, and diarrhea.


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